The purpose of SDG 10 is to reduce inequality among and between countries.
One example of the perpetual inequality is the relationship between Haiti and its neighbor, the Dominican Republic. Decades of Haitian migrants brought to work in the Dominican Republic (DR), coupled with a history of Dominican political leaders co-opting the “Haitian problem” for their own political gain, has led to the emergence of the largest population of statelessness in the Western Hemisphere. An estimated 460,000 people have lived in the Dominican Republic for generations, but now have no access to legal documentation or the rights that come with it. The lack of access to nationality for hundreds of thousands of Dominicans of Haitian descent has created a precarious situation for men, women, and especially unaccompanied children. Without proper documentation, they are vulnerable to abuse and exploitation and unable to access the rights to which they are entitled. Most recently, the crisis has spilled over the border into Haiti, where people who have been deported or who fled harassment and intimidation in the DR, are living in conditions that are, at best, unsustainable and, at worst, in deplorable makeshift tenements. For years, both the Dominican and Haitian governments have failed to address this issue, placing the onus on civil society organizations and philanthropy to handle the problem.
sustainable development goal 10:
reduce inequality within and among countries
SDG 10 targets
10.1: By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
10.2: By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
10.3: Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
10.4: Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
10.5: Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
10.6: Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
10.7: Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
10.a: Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
10.b: Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
10.c: By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent
Comprehensive list of resources is forthcoming