Achieving gender equality, and ensuring equal access and treatment for women and girls is not only a basic human right, but it is vital to achieving sustainable and equitable development in Haiti, and across the world. Haiti’s chronic political instability, widespread poverty, and limited educational opportunities have all contributed to a high rate of gender-based violence, and systemic discrimination against Haitian women and girls.
In this sector, Haiti is more advanced than other developing nations as Haiti’s Constitution provides protections for women from workplace discrimination, physical and sexual abuse, and the right to vote and hold public office. Haiti has even seen female prime ministers and presidents. In addition, in 2012 the Haitian Parliament passed an amendment instituting a 30 percent quota for women in all elected and appointed positions nationally, and in 2015 the same decree was extended locally as well.
Yet, women continue to routinely face exclusion and harassment in public and private life. Gender-based violence continues to be a problem, particularly for poor and vulnerable women, female restaveks and the LGBTQ community. The poor legal protections offered women, fear of reprisals, as well as social stigma, have caused gender-based violence to be dramatically under-reported as women frequently find themselves blamed for rape and abuse.
Haitian women are also more likely to suffer from negative social, health, and economic outcomes. Poor access to health care has led to lower health outcomes for women, evidenced by a maternal mortality rate over 5 times as high as neighboring countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. In Haiti, girls are more likely to drop out of school than boys, especially in later years. Reversing these trends would not only advance individual opportunities for women and girls, but empowering woman has proven time and time again to have a multiplier effect on overall economic growth and development.
1. and Gender Fact Sheet FINAL Jan 2016.pdf.
2. and Gender Fact Sheet FINAL Jan 2016.pdf
3. and Gender Fact Sheet FINAL Jan 2016.pdf
4. and Gender Fact Sheet FINAL Jan 2016.pdf
5. and Gender Fact Sheet FINAL Jan 2016.pdf
sustainable development goal 5:
achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
SDG 5 targets
5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
5.a Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
5.b Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
5.c Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels
Comprehensive list of resources is forthcoming