Without access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities, improvements in public health and the eradication of communicable diseases cannot be achieved. In Haiti, only 57.7% of the population has access to potable water and only 27.6% have access to improved sanitation facilities. As a result, Haitians continue to suffer from low health outcomes. Globally, an estimated 850,000 deaths per year are directly linked to an unsafe water supply, hygiene, and sanitation. This problem was made more apparent by an ongoing cholera outbreak, resulting from a United Nations broken sewage system which leaked into the water systems throughout Haiti. Cases of cholera recently escalated when Hurricane Matthew caused massive flooding, spreading contaminated water throughout homes, streets and water sources.
Haiti is considered a water-stressed country. Total available water resources per capita are about 1,660 cubic meters (just under the 1,700 threshold) and less than 1% of these resources are in use. These limited resources are even more challenged by climate change and environmental degradation, including deforestation, soil erosion and the recent drought.
Ensuring ubiquitous access to safe and affordable drinking water, as well as access to sanitation facilities, requires investment in infrastructure, community education, and the adoption of local innovative solutions.
sustainable development goal 6:
water & sanitation
ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
SDG 6 targets
6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
6.5 By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
6.b Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
Comprehensive list of resources is forthcoming