In Haiti, only about 37.9% of the population has access to regular electricity; of these consumers half are connected to the electrical grid illegally. The 2010 earthquake only further destroyed the already fledging energy sector. The national power utility, Electricité d’Haïti, operates one primary grid serving the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area and a small number of isolated power grids for the rest of the country. Even for those with access to electricity, reliability is inconsistent. For example in Port-au-Prince, users only have an average of 10 hours of service per day. This lack of reliability requires many businesses and households to install costly, inefficient, and environmentally unfriendly diesel generators.
This lack of access to affordable and reliable power not only hinders investment and constrains the development of productive businesses, but also degrades the environment and decreases health and living standards for all Haitians. Reliance on inefficient cook stoves and wood charcoal leads to deforestation and air pollution and in turn contributes to climate change. Furthermore, daily exposure to the toxins from wood charcoal or kerosene leads to devastating health problems like pneumonia, lung cancer, chronic pulmonary disease, and heart disease - to name a few. In short, the need for reliable and affordable energy is crucial for sustainable development, good health, and environmental protection.
sustainable development goal 7:
affordable and clean energy
ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG 7 targets
7.1: By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
7.2: By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
7.3: By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
7.a: By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
7.b: By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support
Comprehensive list of resources is forthcoming