Haiti’s impoverishment has been alarming in the thirty years since Duvalier left the country. GNI per capita remains at US $820, with more than 6 million out of 10.4 million people living under US$2.42 per day and 24% of the population living in extreme poverty. Additionally, the limited GDP growth (2.75%) that has taken place is largely attributed to remittances and construction projects, both unstable sources of revenue. A primary reason for the limited economic growth and development is due to Haiti’s unfriendly business environment. Haiti is currently ranked at 180 out of 189 countries on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Index. Haiti is challenged by numerous economic barriers such as problems with land tenure rights, infrastructure, access to credit, a large cumbersome bureaucracy, and unfavorable tax regulations -- to name only a few.
Moreover, Haiti’s economic growth is largely only felt by the upper echelons of Haitian society, due to rising inequality. The current reality is a bleak picture with record high unemployment rates with over 2/3 of the labor force without formal jobs; severe devaluation of the local currency; an overall decrease in the quality of life for most Haitians; and many Haitian professionals leaving the country for greener pastures. So, what is the solution?
Sustainable development requires that the Haitian economy begin to uncover and depend on sustainable sources of revenue that will create jobs and opportunities for all. This can be done by looking at alternative sources of revenue outside of aid and encouraging entrepreneurship and small businesses throughout the country. The goal is to achieve full and productive employment for all by 2030.
SDG 8 targets
sustainable development goal 8:
decent work and economic growth
promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.1: Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
8.2: Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
8.3: Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
8.4: Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead
8.5: By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
8.6: By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
8.7: Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
8.8: Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
8.9: By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
8.10: Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
8.a: Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries
8.b: By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization
Comprehensive list of resources is forthcoming