Innovation is considered a major impetus for sustained economic growth through the adoption of new technologies and ideas, which provide new jobs and increase efficiency. Haiti is ripe for innovation and change. Haiti currently lags behind its peers in terms of internet connectivity. Only 10% of the population has access to internet versus 50% in the Dominican Republic. Technology does not guarantee social change, but does provide the opportunity and tools to drive development. Recent global innovations like the use of open data platforms have increased government accountability and transparency by tracking government spending and instances of corruption.
Economists have long viewed capital infrastructure as essential for economic productivity and growth. Stable infrastructure provides structures and safe spaces for health care, schools, and homes. Infrastructure connects us to one another and to markets and employment. In short, industry, innovation, and infrastructure not only drive economic growth, but also connect us to the services, jobs, markets, and people that matter the most.
Haiti is still recovering from the massive destruction of urban capital infrastructure in the earthquake of 2010, compounded by the obliteration of rural infrastructure by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. Both events have been described as constituting “un-natural disasters.” The wide-scale destruction resulted from poor construction materials and methods, lack of enforcement of building and zoning codes, severe overcrowding due to urban poverty, and other deficits.
sustainable development goal 9:
industry, innovation and infrastructure
build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG 9 targets
9.1: Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
9.2: Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries
9.3: Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets
9.4: By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
9.5: Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
9.a: Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
9.b: Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
9.c: Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
Comprehensive list of resources is forthcoming